Thursday, April 21, 2011

Finance for Geeks

... we understand stack overflow, fails to understand compound interest.

Two interesting things happened in last year reality shows, one guy won 1 crore in KBC and lost at the next question. Secondly, Shweta Tiwari won Big Boss 1 crore, had no idea what to do with it - so her interview with a financial planner was shown live on TV.

Shweta Tiwari (Trying to understand investment)
And yeah, you might want to pity on the first guy who lost at the last question in KBC, but wait, if you are going unplanned you should pity yourself more. There is tons of opportunity that you have lost already, and the time to act is now.

Following my traditional way of writing, here are some acting points for a basic idea of where to invest?

1. Provident Fund:

PF is an investment for your retirement, do not cut it. Not only it gets tax exemption, gives a guaranteed return on maturity, is far safe.

2. Insurance with Term Plan:

Who will cry if you die tonight? Well, may be many tonight! But if you are not insured or under insured may be your dependents will cry for a very long period.

The thing to understand with insurance is, its not an investment, its a well, insurance. Like a car/bike insurance, if you have paid some money this year as your vehicle insurance and it is not stolen, do you get a return on your insurance money? No. What instead you get is peace of mind, when parking your vehicle.

Same applies to life or medical insurance, term plans, you pay for the insurance for the peace of mind of knowing that even though you would be irreplaceable, your dependents will get sufficient income to continue living the same standard.

Its also advised now to take Medical and Accidental Insurance and not just Life insurance.

3. Don't Mix Insurance and Investment 

Stay far away from ULIP, insurance linked investment. They are horrible, you are highly under insured, the return on the investment is terrible and there is no peace.

4. Debt is for short term, Equity is for long term

Debt based investments are for short term, if you have excess money lying in your saving or even worst current accounts, and you foresee a use of it in next few years debt is the way to go.

However, if the goal of your excess money is your new born child education, or your retirement, something that got enough time, equity gives a better return for long term.

5. Invest using SIP and STP

Its highly impossible to time the market, and specially for geeks watching the CNBC graphs is just not a nice idea. So the best way of investment in both debt and equity is using Systematic Investment Plans (or SIP), in a layman term, with SIP/STP your money is invested in regular interval and not in lump-sum. Like the Monthly Investment Plan (MIP) will invest in market every month, and hence on an average a profitable return can be measured avoiding the fluctuation of the market.

6. Stop misusing Credit cards

Loans should be taken to help you in your need, a house loan, loan to launch a business. But most people these days are using the loans for monetary gratifications. As your good investments grows by Compound interest, so does the loans you take. Be careful when taking loans, it need to be repaid. And several times, much more than the principle.

Understand what is expense and what is investment, a land is an investment, a house is an expense. Gold is investment, car is expense.

7. Educate yourself about Finance

Turn on your financial intelligence
"Intelligence solves problems & produces money. Money without financial intelligence is money soon gone."
— Robert T. Kiyosaki

With technology now its very easy to learn, and its very easy to not learn. So give some better use to your television set, besides watching the reality shows, and listen to the investment programs. Once in a while browse some good financial articles, here's the guys writing specially for Indians about Financial Literacy.

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